OpenMediaVault

This is a basic guide to help you setting up Helios4 NAS with OpenMediaVault (OMV). OMV offers a large collection of features that we don't cover here. We invite you to look online for the existing OMV guides or go on the OMV forum.

Info

The following guide was written for OMV3 (OpenMediaVault 3.X). It should still apply to OMV4.

What is OpenMediaVault?

OpenMediaVault (OMV) is a next-gen network attached storage (NAS) software based on Debian Linux. It contains services like SSH, (S)FTP, SMB/CIFS, DAAP media server, RSync, BitTorrent client and many more... all configurable via a Web Control Panel. Thanks to a modular framework design, new features can be added to OMV via plugins. It is a simple and easy to use out-of-the-box solution that will allow everyone to install and administrate a Network Attached Storage without deeper knowledge.

Install Openmediavault

You can easily install OMV with the armbian-config tool.

Note

If you have installed a pre-built OpenMediaVault image you can skip this step.
Important : pre-built OMV images are now obsoletes.

Connect to your Helios4 via SSH as explained here.

Launch armbian-config and follow the steps.

sudo armbian-config

!armbian-config Main Menu

!armbian-config Software

!armbian-config Selection

!armbian-config Install

When installation is completed, press ESC till you exit armbian-config tool.

You might want to reboot to be sure all OMV services are started properly.

sudo reboot

Connect to OpenMediaVault (OMV) Control Panel

Open your web browser and go to the one of the following addresses :

Default credential :

  • Username: admin
  • Password: openmediavault

Login Screen

Dashboard View

Wipe Disk (Optional)

If you are using HDDs which aren't blank or brand new you might need to wipe them first before being able to setup a RAID array.

Go to Physical Disks page in Storage section.

Select an HDD and click Wipe.

Note

HDDs are the devices starting with /dev/sdX

!OMV HDD Wipe

Click Quick wipe method.

!OMV HDD Wipe

Repeat above steps for each HDD you want to use for your RAID array.

Create a RAID array

In this guide we chose to create a RAID10 with 4 HDDs for the following reasons :

  • Best performance, less compute intensive.
  • Fastest (re)build, less performance degradation.
  • Support up to 2 disk failures, but not every 2 disk failures combination like RAID6.

Info

You can choose to go for RAID6 but take in consideration that the building will take up to 3 times the building time of RAID10. There are plenty of threads online which compare the pros and cons between each RAID option.

Go to RAID Management page in Storage section.

Click Create.

Select RAID level and the devices you want to use for the RAID array.

Give it a name and click Create.

!OMV RAID 10

You can see the ongoing build / re-syncing process and get an estimated finish time.

!OMV RAID Syncing

Important

While you could carry on with some part of OMV configuration during the RAID re-syncing process, we strongly advice to let this process complete first. You should see the following in the RAID state once re-syncing is complete : active.

Note

If your system is configured to display RAID fault on the LED2, then you should also see the red LED2 blinking while your array is (re-)syncing.

!OMV RAID Clean

Info

Whenever you change some settings in OMV, the following banner will appear. You can immediately apply the configuration by clicking Apply or you can carry on with your configuration and apply the changes at a later stage.

!OMV Save Settings

Install LVM Plugin

To have a better control of storage partitioning we will use Linux Logical Volume Manager (LVM). To create Logical Volume in OMV you will need first to install the LVM plugin.

Go to Plugins page in System section.

!Plugin List

To get the latest plugins you will need to update the plugins database.

Click Check

!Plugin Update

Once plugins database update is done :

Search for lvm in the search field.

Select openmediavault-lvm2 and click Install.

!Plugin LVM

Wait till the lvm plugins install shows Done... then click Close.

!Plugin Install

Info

OMV Control Panel will reload and you should see the Logical Volume Management page in Storage section.

Create a LVM Logical Volume

To create a Logical Volume 3 steps are necessary :

  1. Add a Physical Volume. (The RAID array you created previously)
  2. Add a Volume Group. (Volume Group contains Physical Volumes)
  3. Add one ore more Logical Volumes. (Logical Volumes are like partitions)

Note

The Helios4 System-On-Chip is a 32bit architecture, therefore the max volume size supported is 16TB. If your RAID array is more than 16TB of usable space, then you will need to create more than just one Logical Volume to take advantage of all the available space.

Go to Logical Volume Management page in Storage section.

Click Add under Physical Volumes tab.

Select the RAID array you created previously and click Save.

!LVM Add Physical Volume

Go to Volume groups tab.

Click Add.

Select the Physical Volume you just created.

Give it a name and click Save.

!LVM Add Volume Group

Go to Logical volumes tab.

Click Add.

Select the Volume Group you just created.

Choose a partition size.

Give it a name and click Save.

!LVM Add Logical Volume

Info

You can create several Logical Volumes according to your needs and the way you want to organize your data.

In the current example we created 2 volumes :

  • public : to put all non-sensitive data like movie & music collections.
  • secure : to setup an encrypted space for sensitive data (not covered in this guide).

!LVM Volumes

Format and Mount Volume

Now that your Logical Volumes are created, you need to format and mount them in order to use them.

Go to File System page in Storage section.

Click Create

Choose a Logical Volume you created.

Choose a File system type (e.g EXT4).

Give it a label and click OK.

Info

While you could choose BTRFS as a copy-on-write File system (COW), we recommend to use to EXT4 unless you know how to take advantage of BTRFS features.

!Format Volume

You can see the ongoing formatting process. You don't have to wait the process to finish.

Click Close.

!Format Process

You can check the status of all devices.

Once formatting process is complete, device status will show Online.

Info

Depending on your Logical Volume size, formatting can take a while to complete.

!Format Status

Select device you formatted and click Mount.

!Mount Volume

Repeat the action for each Logical Volume you created.

Create User

In this guide we will create a super user john that will have the write access on the share folders we will create. We will also give SSH access and sudo right to this user.

Go to User page in Access Rights Management section.

Click Add under Users tab.

Fill Name and Password section.

Select /bin/bash for Shell (Optional).

!User Create

Go to Groups tab.

Activate group ssh and sudo.

Click Save.

!User Group

Create Shared Folder

Now you need to create Shared Folders that will be exposed through network sharing services. OMV offers many sharing service options, however in this guide we only show how to setup a Windows Share which is the most common option.

Go to Share Folders page in Access Rights Management section.

Click Add.

Fill Name (e.g movie).

Select Device which is one of the Logical Volumes you created and mounted previously.

Change Path Name if necessary.

Info

You can leave the default permission. But later on you should explore how the permissions settings work and impact your Share Folders.

!Folder Add

Repeat the action to add more Share Folders.

Once done you can see the list of Share Folders you have created and under which Device / Logical Volume they are.

!Folder List

Configure Windows Share (SMB/CIFS)

We will now activate the Windows Share service (a.k.a SMB/CIFS) and enlist the Share Folders you created previously.

Go to SMB/CIFS page in Services section.

Toggle the Enable button under General Settings.

!Share Enable

Go to Shares tab.

Click Add.

Choose a Shared Folder that you created previously.

Choose the Public settings (e.g Guests Allowed).

Click Save

!Share Add

Once done you can see the list of active Shares.

!Share List

Info

Don't forget to apply your settings by clicking Apply when the following banner appears.

!OMV Save Settings

Now you should be able to access your Share Folders from your laptop / computer connected to your Home network.

Accessing Shared Folder (Linux / Ubuntu)

Using File Manager

Some Linux flavors, like Ubuntu, provide File Manager that supports natively Windows Share Folder discovery and access.

Open File Manager

Go to Network

Click helios4 - SMB/CIFS

Info

If your File Manager doesn't find helios4, it can be due that your laptop / computer is not on the same subnet that Helios4. Check your network configuration.

!Share Network

Click on one of the Share Folders (e.g movie).

Select Registered User.

Enter Username and Password of the user you created previously (e.g john).

click Connect.

!Share Credential

Now you should be connected to the Share Folder. Check in the side pane, you should see something like 'movie on helios4.local' with an Eject icon.

You can start copying over from your laptop / computer files in the Share Folder.

!Share File

You can also try to access as anonymous user which should allow you access the files but not to add / delete files.

Click the Eject icon of the Share Folder.

Repeat above steps but this time connect as Anonymous.

!Share Anonymous

You can repeat the above steps to connect to your other Share Folders.

Using Terminal

mount -t cifs //10.10.10.1/movie /mnt -o username=anonymous

Accessing Shared Folder (Windows)

Open File Explorer.

Go to Network.

!Windows Discovery

Info

If your File Manager doesn't find helios4, it can be due that your laptop / computer is not on the same subnet that Helios4. Check your network configuration.

Go to Helios4.

Right-Click on a Share Folder and click Map network drive....

!!Windows Access

Check Connect using different credentials.

Click Finish.

!!Windows Drive

Enter Username and Password of the user you created previously (e.g john).

click OK.

!!Windows Credential

Now you should be connected to the Share Folder. Check in the side pane, you should see something like 'movie (\\HELIOS4)'.

!Windows Share

You can repeat the above steps to connect to your other Share Folders.