Go to Kit Assembly to find out how to assembly Helios64.
What you need before you start.¶
1. microSD Card
You need a microSD Card UHS-I with a minimum capacity of 8GB to be able to flash Helios64 image.
We recommend the following models:
- SanDisk Extreme microSDHC UHS-I Card (32GB)
- SanDisk Extreme PRO microSDHC UHS-I Card (32GB)
- Strontium Nitro MicroSD Card (16GB)
- Samsung microSDHC UHS-I Card EVO Plus (32GB)
2. USB Type-C to Type-A cable
3. Ethernet cable (cat5/6)
Step 1 - Download an Helios64 image build¶
You will need first to download an image to write on the microSD Card.
Go to Dowload and chose one of the latest build.
OMV (OpenMediaVault) is only supported on Debian OS.
Step 2 - Writing an image to a microSD Card¶
You will need to use an image writing tool to install on your microSD Card the image build you have downloaded.
Under Windows, Mac OS or Linux (via Graphic Interface)¶
Etcher is a graphical SD card writing tool that works on Mac OS, Linux and Windows, this is the easiest method for most users. Etcher also supports writing images directly from XZ files, without any prerequired decompression. To write your image with Etcher:
- Download Etcher and install it on your computer.
- Insert the microSD Card inside your SD card reader (microSD to SD adapter might be needed).
- Open Etcher and select the Helios64 image file from your local storage.
- Select the microSD Card you wish to write your image to.
- Review your selections and click 'Flash!' to begin writing data to the microSD Card.
Under Linux (using dd via Terminal)¶
Armbian images are using XZ compression format, therefore we need xz-utils or xz tools to decompress the image first.
for Debian-based distribution (Debian/Ubuntu) you can install the utility using following command:
apt-get install xz-utils
in RedHat-based distribution (RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux) users can use this command:
yum install xz
after installing the compression tool, you can now decompress the images:
xz -dk Armbian_20.08.0_Helios64_buster_current_5.7.15.img.xz
finally we can write the images to sdcard using dd:
sudo dd if=Armbian_20.08.0_Helios64_buster_current_5.7.15.img of=/dev/sdX bs=4M conv=fsync status=progress
Replace the filename by the image file name you downloaded.
/dev/sdX is where the microSD is mapped in your Linux machine, change the 'X' to your corresponding mapped device. If you set /dev/sdX to a wrong device then you might risk erasing a hard drive or different device than the designated microSD.
Step 3 - Wire Helios64¶
Always proceed with caution when manipulating 110/220V appliance.
Insert the prepared microSD Card.
Connect your computer to the serial port with the Type-C to Type-A USB cable.
Connect Helios64 to your home network with the Ethernet cable.
Choose LAN2 port if you have 2.5Gb network.
Plug-in the DC power connector. Don't power-up the Power Adapter yet.
If you are using Helios64 without an enclosure:
Step 4 - Connect to Helios64 serial console¶
Under Windows 10 the FTDI driver will be autodetected, you can use this microsoft default driver to access the USB to serial bridge used by Helios64.
Download PuTTY and install it on your computer.
Make sure your serial communication device is already detected by system.
Select connection type serial.
Setup serial port settings (Serial line : COM3 and Speed : 1500000), then press 'Open'
The serial port detection may vary on different system, please make sure to check the device manager to get the information of correct serial port to connect to Helios64. Check this link to learn how to determine the right COM port.
Under Linux (via Terminal)¶
1. Install picocom
Use apt-get under Debian/Ubuntu
$ sudo apt-get install picocom
Use yum under RHEL / CentOS / Fedora Linux
$ sudo yum install picocom
2. Connect to serial with picocom
$ sudo picocom -b 1500000 /dev/ttyUSB0
To exit picocom do Ctrl-a then q button in squence
Using command _ls -la /dev/ttyUSB_ you should be able the find the USB to serial bridge device used by Helios64. Under Linux the device will be named /dev/ttyUSBx, where x* is a digit.
Under Mac OS (via Terminal)¶
Connect serial using the screen command
$ screen /dev/tty.usbserial-XXXXXXXX 1500000 -L
To exit the session do Ctrl-a then Ctrl-k
Using command _ls -la /dev/tty.usb_ you should be able the find the USB to serial bridge device used by Helios64. Under Mac OS the device will be named /dev/tty.usbserial-xxxxxxxx, where xxxxxxxx* is some serial number.
Step 5 - Power-Up Helios64¶
Now that everything is ready you can plug-in the AC adapter and push the Power Button.
If you are using Helios64 without an enclosure:
You should see Helios64 boot logs on the Serial Console.
Step 6 - Log in¶
You might need to press Enter for the login prompt to come up.
If system didn't auto logged-in. Default credential for Debian or Ubuntu image
helios64 login: root Password: 1234
You will be prompted to change the root password and then create a new user account.
Step 7 - Check/Set IP address¶
Check IP address¶
By default Helios64 will try to obtain an IP address via DHCP. To figure out what is the allocated IP address you will need to type the following command in the console.
ip addr show dev eth0
Here the IP address of Helios64 is 10.10.10.1.
Set IP address¶
If you wish to manually configure your IP address you can use the armbian-config tool.
Select the Network section:
Navigate to IP to configure your IPv4 address:
Select the Ethernet interface you want to assign a fixed IPv4 address. In this case we select eth0 which correspond to LAN port 1:
Provide the IP Address, Netmask, and Gateway information that you want to assign:
Press ESC till you exit armbian-config tool.
You will have to reboot for the network settings to take effect.
You can also refer to the following Debian Wiki Page for advanced network settings.
Step 8 - Connect to Helios64 via SSH¶
You can now connect by SSH to your Helios64 to carry on with your configuration.
Here is the example when we use linux client:
You can use putty as the SSH client if you are using windows:
What to do next ?¶
You can use armbian-config which provides an easy way to install 3rd party applications like OpenMediaVault, NextCloud, Syncthing, Emby and many more.
Here an example on how to install software OpenMediaVault (OMV) using the armbian-config.
Select Software section:
Navigate to Softy:
Then choose OMV, to install the OpenMediaVault:
Wait the install process to complete:
Now you should be able to connect to OpenMediaVault (OMV) Control Panel.
Open your web browser and go to the one of the following addresses :
- http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx (How to check Helios64 IP address)
Default credential :
- Username: admin
- Password: openmediavault